We work to maintain the overall health of your mouth, including your gums. Periodontal (gum) disease is characterized by an excessive amount of plaque and calculus (tartar) which have accumulated around the teeth, causing deterioration to the surrounding area of the teeth and jawbone. It can be identified by red, swollen and bleeding gums. If left untreated, periodontal disease will eventually begin to destroy the gums and bone.
The periodontal treatment for gum disease may vary based on the severity of your diagnosis. If the progression of the disease is diagnosed and the treatment commences in early stages, one or two cleanings may be all that is recommended. Instructions on improving oral hygiene habits will be given by the dentist, and scheduling regular cleanings will be discussed.
If the disease has progressed to an advanced level, a special periodontal cleaning will be recommended. The cleaning is called scaling and root planing. Tartar and plaque will be removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on the root surfaces will be made smooth (planing). This will allow for your teeth and gums to recuperate from any damage incurred by periodontal disease.
If periodontal conditions do not improve after scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery may be required to stop further progression and to improve the health of your teeth and mouth.